ENWIN Utilities is committed to contributing to educating our customers about Electric Vehicles (EVs) while providing safe and reliable energy in a cost effective, sustainable manner.
There are two types of electric vehicles available for purchase today:
Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) are powered by only a rechargeable battery pack. These vehicles use an electric motor to drive and must be plugged in to recharge the battery. Depending on the vehicle, BEVs have anywhere from 200 kms to around 500 kms of range. The majority of BEV owners charge at home and rarely run into range issues in day to day use. During long distance travel you may need to stop to charge, but charge times are decreasing dramatically due to higher level 3 charging capacities. These vehicles produce zero tailpipe emissions.
Examples: Tesla Model 3/S/X, Nissan Leaf, Mitsubishi I-Miev, Audi e-Tron, Jaguar i-Pace, Hyundai Kona Electric and Ford Focus Electric.
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV) have both a battery that powers an electric motor as well as an internal combustion engine that will either be used in parallel or after the battery runs out of charge. These vehicles are good for providing completely electric driving while running short errands, but can also alleviate any range anxiety since they can use gasoline once the batteries are depleted.
Examples: Chrysler Pacifica PHEV, Chevrolet Volt, Toyota Prius plug-in, BMW i3, and Ford C-Max Energi.
Sometimes referred to as Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE), this is the infrastructure that acts as the supply point to charge EVs.
Level 1 (120V – 15A): The charge unit that is typically included with the purchase of an EV that can be connected to a normal 120V residential receptacle. This type of charging takes the longest to recharge the battery, typically adding about 10 km of range per hour of charge.
Level 2 (208 or 240V – 30 to 100A): A charge unit that requires a 208 or 240Vac supply with a higher current draw (available as residential units and commercial charge stations). This is the most popular type of charging used for public and residential locations. A typical charge adds anywhere from 45 km per hour of charge to 150 km per hour of charge, depending on the amperage of the charger.
Level 3 (DC Charge 208Vac input up to 120 kW DC output): A commercial charge unit that can recharge a battery from 10% to 80% within 30 minutes (time varies depending on the battery size and vehicle).
Determine what level of charging equipment you need to install for your EV. Factors to consider include driving habits, size of the EV battery and the time it takes to recharge.
Check to see if the type of charging equipment requires a hardwired circuit or if it can be connected to a receptacle. Some types of Level 2 charging equipment can be plugged into a 240V receptacle, like the one used for your dryer. This information can be found on the manufacturer’s website.
Check to see if there is space left on your home’s electrical panel. Since charging equipment requires a dedicated circuit, there must be space for an additional breaker to be added to your panel. If there is no space left, a panel upgrade may be required.
If a panel upgrade is required, check with ENWIN Utilities to see if your service size is rated for a panel upgrade. Please email inquiries to firstname.lastname@example.org.
When installing any type of EV charging equipment that involves wiring to an electrical panel, always hire a licensed electrical contractor to complete the work. To view available contractors in your area, visit the Electrical Safety Authority's website.
Road transportation in Canada is the largest contributor to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Since Ontario’s electricity is mainly generated by hydroelectric and nuclear generation, the offset of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases by driving electric is substantial. One concern about EVs is that their use of lithium ion batteries also produces GHG emissions. However, lifecycle analysis shows that the battery materials only contribute a small percentage of emissions and show significant reductions in emissions when EVs are on the road compared with internal combustion engines.
Although EVs may start at a higher purchase price than comparable gasoline vehicles, their use of low cost fuel (electricity) combined with greater fuel efficiency allows for long term financial savings. Electric motors convert 75% of the chemical energy from the batteries to power the wheels, while internal combustion engines only convert 20% of the energy stored in gasoline. One can expect to dramatically reduce fuel costs by charging at home instead of filling up at the gas station. Additionally, EVs require much less maintenance when compared to the complex internal combustion engine.
Check out the cost comparison calculator on the CAA website to understand the savings of driving an EV.
The Federal Government supplies consumers with the iZEV Incentive towards the purchase of lease of some electric vehicles. For more information, visit their website.
The Ministry of Transportation (MTO) promotes EVs with Ontario's Green Vehicle License Plate Program that allows the use of the HOV lane on major 400 series highways, even with one person in the vehicle. For more information, visit the Ministry of Transportation website.
For more information, here are a few websites you can visit: